End essay exegesis exegetical textual theological

Exegesis is simply the close, careful reading of a text that attempts to uncover its meaning. While there are various tools for and critical approaches to exegesis, all of these are intended to aid in understanding what the text is saying. Central to exegesis is the exercise of asking questions of your text. In an exegetical paper, the student argues that the text means what he has found it to mean through his own careful study.

Romans 6 Exegesis

The Bible discloses to us that God has chosen throughout history to speak to different individuals both at various times and places and in diverse ways Heb This redemptive activity of God and the self-revelation of God that attends it have a historical dimension that is everywhere present and inescapable. This means that any particular section of Scripture should be understood against the background of the outworking of the plan of God in history.

A biblical-theological paper explores the thematic connections between one biblical passage and the entire canon of which it is a part. Particularly important is the progressive nature of that development. A biblical-theological paper differs from an exegetical paper in scope.

By contrast, an exegetical paper limits its focus to a particular passage, probing deeply and carefully into the details of grammatical-historical analysis. Because a biblical-theological paper is broader, there is less space available for discussing exegetical minutiae — an abbreviated exegetical overview is usually sufficient.

Most of the paper will be devoted to tracing thematic connections between your passage and the rest of Scripture.

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If you are a Westminster student, please access to CTW Courses site for sample papers and other helpful resources. Rather than referring to the act of committing a sin, it seems more likely for the aorist to be constative denoting the idea of sinning in general. Paul continues on to elaborate why such an answer is the only response possible. For it is not enough for a Christian to merely shout this response out, but for a follower of Christ to understand the logic behind such a cry.

Some scholars consider there to be no real antithesis between the two possibilities. For example, Moo sees no relation between sin and obedience believing that the antithesis has already been dropped.

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This being the case it is easy to disregard any contrast between death and righteousness, [36] yet sin and obedience can be considered as contrasts as Moffat points out in his article [37]. The strength of this conclusion is how it fits with other verses in the immediate context , There is no other alternative, no third option. It is the question of a truth stated in this verse that the rest of the passage unpacks masterfully through indicatives and imperatives. Hodge clarifies the matter by considering the usage of this word elsewhere Acts ; 2 Tim It is only by God that a believer can obey from the heart his will.

Thanks be to God alone. He is the instigator and the continuator of our obedience. We have left one realm of sin and death in Adam and been moved to a greater realm in Christ with the freedom to obey from the heart what God desires because of what God has done. It is on this concept that the next verse further elaborates. Harvey points out the correlation to verse twenty-two where it is enslavement to God. It is with these indicatives of what was and has been done that Paul turns to the imperative in verse nineteen. It portrays the accurate idea of total ownership, total commitment, total obligation and total accountability.

It describes their old way of living in Adam and ruled by sin to how we live now because we are in Christ free of the dominion of sin.

Exegesis Essay Writing

Yet this seems to contradict the purpose of the previous parallel statement. This is the only appropriate response to being enslaved to righteousness vs.


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Pursue holiness with every fiber of our beings, just as passionately as we desired immorality. Paul then follows through even further by contrasting the consequences of which slave master you obey. Here Paul makes it clear once again that it is not possible to be a slave to sin and to righteousness.

Rom ; The beginning question is by no means an open question. Moo considers the question to be in its appropriate place due to a clear parallel with what follows in the sense that the fruit is shame in comparison to the fruit of sanctification.

Exegetical Studies

When all is said and done the correct end point of this question does not affect the essence of what is written. Murray provides four convincing reasons why the question could be placed at the end of the phrase which appear to make the most sense []. Rom ; Gal ; Eph ; Phil , 22; This concept of sanctification must be upheld in Christian doctrine. Too often it seems the church focusses continuously on justification they forget the vital aspect of sanctification.

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Guidelines for Writing an Exegetical Paper

In consideration of the contrasts provided vs. As the whole section has been undeniably striving to convey, the greater one to be a slave of is God. The only possible way of receiving this is via a gift, it cannot be earned. While Calvin is hesitant to consider eternal life as the gift due to his understanding that the contrast is lost in this section, [] eternal life as a gift seems to be the plain reading of the text and contains a clear antithesis to death as a wage. Campbell [] notes the various possibilities of how this phrase could be understood — either in a locative, instrumental, agency or causal sense.

Every antithesis to God is a destitute and broken possibility that can only end in death.


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  6. Longenecker, The Epistle to the Romans , Bruce M. John D Harvey, Romans eds. Andreas J. The conclusion of where the interrogative sentence finishes is discussed in the comments on this verse. Aland, B.